Muhurtha by B. Raman No customer reviews yet. Be the first. Click to enlarge. Vedic Books Product Explorer Explore more books in. Customers who bought this product also purchased A Complete Book on Medical Astrology. Predicting Through Dwisaptati Sama Dasha. Who am I? Meditation on Om and Mandukya Upanishad.
Insights Into Vedanta. E-Mail Address:. Tell someone you know about this book. Meditation and Mantras. Muhurtha could therefore be defined as that precious moment when the vibrations radiated by man are altered to a specific wavelength capable of entering resonance with the radiations of the same vibratory rate coming from other planets and stars. A very important place is assigned in Hindu astrology to the part played by the Moon in the fi11ng of propitious times.
The Moon rules the mind and all our psychological inhibitions and his position in the election chart is to be particularly dignified. Moreover, whenever an election is to be made, it should always bear a sympathetic connection with the birth chart.
Should the radical horoscope indicate several afflictions, no Muhurtha can ensure real success. In fact, the strength of the birth chart may even prevent the person from taking advantage of the propitious period. Or at best, the chances of failure may be somewhat minimised. There is, therefore, an important factor to be considered, viz. When people do not know the birth chart, the best thing would be to ascertain their name constellation see Appendix at the end of the book and study the transit influences operating at the period in question.
Whilst it is necessary to bear in mind that the election chart is likely to be affected by the benefic or malefic nature of the directions operating at the moment in the birth chart and the inherent strength of the horoscope, it is not necessary to go into it in detail. A number of combinations is given in ancient works to so strengthen the election chart as to make it fruitful independent of the birth influences. These details will be discussed in their appropriate places. Before we take up electional astrology proper, a short description of the Panchanga or the Hindu almanac is very necessary, as the important items constituting a Panchanga have an intimate bearing on the fi11ng of auspicious times.
The Panchanga consists of five limbs or accessories, viz: Tithi lunar day , Vara weekday , Nakshatra constellation. Yoga a luni-solar day , and Karana half a lunar day. The reader will have to be familiar with these technicalities though by far the most mportant ones are the lunar day, constellation and weekday. The five limbs of the Panchanga are supposed to represent the five sources of ethereal energy of which some are visible and others invisible and which when properly secured are said to conduce the health, wealth and prosperity of mankind. The lunar day is to the Hindu of the most prominent practical importance, since by it are regulated the performance of many religious ceremonies and upon it depend the chief considerations of Muhurtha or electional astrology.
In other words, the tithi represents the lunar energy, and lunar energy is identified with mental energy. Therefore a minute knowledge of the lunar movements constituting tithis is said to give us wealth. Each tithi See Table 2 or lunar day is equal to 0.
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To find the lunar day or tithi deduct the longitude of the Sun from that of the Moon. The quotient represents the number of tithis elapsed and the remainder the part of the next current tithi that has elapsed. Thus to know the tithi ruling on at 4h 10m 20s L. If this remainder is multiplied by 24 and divided by the difference of the daily motions of the Sun and the Moon, we get the number of hours from. The weekdays are named in accordance with certain astronomical considerations. Therefore on a weekday bearing the name of a particular planet, the influence of that planet is said to be predominant.
The weekdays are numbered thus: Sunday 1. Monday 2, Tuesday 3, Wednesday 4. Thursday 5, Friday 6 and Saturday 7. If constellations are huge electromagnetic bodies radiating energy into space, there seems to be sense in attributing certain influences to these radiations and the Moon coming into contact with such radiations probably exercises influences. The Janma Tara birth constellation or Dina Tara the constellation of the day concerned is obtained thus:. Reduce the longitude of the Moon to minutes and divide the same by The quotient is the number of constellations already passed, and the remainder, the part covered in the current asterism the Moon is in.
For the data given under tithi. The ruling star is the 25th, viz. Every Hindu almanac contains a column specifying the yoga for each day and when it would end. There are twenty-seven yogas see Appendix 4. Yoga represents a conjunction of subtle influences which strengthen our bodies, remove the germs of disease, and help us to enjoy health and life in its various phases. The Table of Yogas Appendix 4 enables one to ascertain the Yoga on the basis of the joint motion of the Sun and the Moon.
There are 11 karanas, viz. The first seven come by rotation eight times in a lunar month, commencing with the second half of the first lunar day. The last four are said to be permanent karanas and occur in order with the second half of the 29th lunar day. In Muhurtha, it is always advisable to strengthen the ascendant and its lord and the Moon.
Each type of election requires fortification of some appropriate hoase and planet and these will be discussed in their proper places. Even when the ascendant is strong, certain parts of it which go under the name of Lagna tyajya should be rejected. Sometimes, only fixed signs are to be chosen; sometimes only movable signs are to be chosen.
Hence, a reader has to very carefully understand these subtle distinctions. In Aries, Taurus, Sagittarius and Virgo, the first three degrees should be avoided as it is supposed to be in the nature of a serpent bhujanga and hence destructive. In regard to Pisces, Capricorn, Cancer and Scorpio, the last three degrees has to be avoided as it is supposed to be presided over by the evil force of Rahu.
Each constellation has its own tyajyakala or negative period which is to be invariably avoided. The negative periods commence at the times marked below against each constellation lasting for 4 ghatis 1 hour 36 minutes from thence. Some of these ceremonies such as baptising, first feeding, marriage, etc. It must be noted that the successive stage when the human infant assumes the upright posture, commences to speak and so on, occur at fixed times in normal development so much so that a child that does not begin to talk or walk at the proper time becomes a source of an11ety to his parents.
The change of teeth also marks a transition. Permanent dentition sets in about 7 years after birth. Seven years after this another crisis is reached and that is puberty. A further change is noted about the age of In the human being, it is said that every cell of the body is renewed every seven years, although this is not quite correct for all tissues.
Thus, the Shodasa Karmas are supposed to fortify the. Perhaps a deeper study of the problem will reveal a more correct perspective of the rationale. They are a Tarabala or strength of constellation, b Chandrabala or lunar strength, and c Panchaka or five-source energy. These three should be satisfactorily disposed. Otherwise an election chart will lose its significance. Strength of Constellation. These are highly important.
Count from the birth constellation to the one ruling on the particular day on which a new work is to be done or a journey undertaken and divide the number by 9 if divisible. Otherwise keep it as it is. If the remainder is 1 janma it indicates danger to body; if 2 sampat wealth and prosperity; if 3 vipat dangers, losses and accidents; if 4 kshema prosperity; if 5 pratyak obstacles; if 6 sadhana realisation of ambitions; if 7 naidhana dangers; if 8 mitra good; and if 9 parama mitra very favourable.
There are certain exceptions to the favourable and unfavourable results ascribed above and they will be dealt with in the appropriate places. Example: — A man born in Aswini elects to undertake a journey on a day ruled by Sravana. This divided by 9 leaves a remainder of 4. This goes under kshema or favourable and hence Tarabala is good. In the Second Paryaya or cycle, e. Janma Nakshatra, etc. In fact the evil is centred only in the first quarter of the 3rd Vipat , the 4th quarter of the 5th Pratyak and the 3rd quarter of the 7th Naidhana of the second cycle.
In the third cycle or Paryaya, the Janma, Vipat, etc. The 3rd is Vipat. But it is said to carry little or no evil. In my humble experience, it is better to avoid Vipat and Naidhana stars for all important undertakings — long journeys, marriage, starting of an enterprise, etc. According to some classical writers, the 22nd and 27th stars are always inauspicious. But our experience is to the contrary. The 22nd is always sadhana and the 27th parama mftra and hence they could be considered as auspicious. To take another example: a person born in Mrigasira Janma Rasi being Taurus wants to have his marriage on a day ruled by Bharani which means the Moon will be in Aries.
Hence, the day is most inauspicious. In fact, Bharani is condemned for all good work and it has to be scrupulously avoided for all good work. Panchaka Five-Source Energy. But in regard to very important ceremonies such as marriage, nuptials, entry into new houses, etc. There are several methods by which panchaka is determined. I shall give the most common method. In the panchaka determination apparently, five sources of planetary, stellar and zodiacal energies are involved. Take the number of the lunar day from the 1st of the month , the number of the weekday, Sunday I.
Add these together and divide the total by 9. If the remainder is 1 mrityu panchakam , it indicates danger; if 2 agni panchakam , risk from fire; if 4 raja panchakam , bad results; if 6 chora panchakam , evil happenings and if 8 roga panchakam , disease.
If the remainder is 3, 5, 7 or zero then it is good. As an example, let us assume that A wants to start a business on a day and time otherwise conforming to the requirement of Muhurtha-the constellation being Aslesha, the lunar day being the 13th, the rising sign being Virgo and the weekday Sunday. Calculating the panchaka, we get —. It indicates Vahni or fire and hence the time selected is not favourable.
In dealing with this subject. The general rule of avoiding unfavourable panchaka has certain exceptions. When an election is to do with occupation, avoid Raja Panchaka. In elections bearing on house building avoid both Raja and Agni Panchakas. In regard to travel, Chora Panchaka should be rejected. In marriage and upanayanam, Roga and Mrityu Panchakas should be avoided. Conversely it also means that a panchaka declared unsuitable for a particular type of election could be used for a different kind of election.
No astrological authority has specifically approved this step but by implication, we can assume that there is no objection if, for instance, we ignore raja panchaka for travelling or marriage or roga panchaka for house-building. As far as possible, it is advisable to avoid the evil of panchaka in general irrespective of its definite bearing on an election. But when a more auspicious day cannot be secured, we can resort to the lesser of the two evils.
As regards Tarabala referred to above, it is no doubt advisable to avoid a day that is ruled by the 1st, 3rd; 5th and 7th constellations. But when the day is otherwise favourable, only the negative parts of these unfavourable constellations may be avoided. Thus, in the Janma, Vipat, Pratyak and Naidhana constellations, the first 7, 3, 8 and 6 ghatis respectively may be considered evil and avoided. Thus, a man whose Janma Nakshatra is Pushyami can undertake a venture on a day ruled by Makha Vipat provided he avoids the first seven ghatis of the constellation.
The stigma attached to the star being Vipat no longer holds good. Generally these exceptions are resorted to only under circumstances when an election is to be urgently made and when the undertaking admits of no delay. But in regard to nuptials, sacrifices, first feeding, agriculture, upanayanam, coronation, buying lands, learning the alphabet, Janma Nakshatra is favourable without exception.
But it is inauspicious for war, sexual union, shaving, taking medical treatment, travel and marriage. For a woman, Janma Nakshatra would be quite favourable for marriage. There are several technicalities to be considered in the selection of auspicious times and in spite of the apparent inconsistencies to be found in the opinions expressed by different classical writers on this subject, I have endeavoured to give the easiest and what, in my humble opinion, are the most reliable principles bearing on this all-important subject.
The whole of Muhurtha or for that matter, the whole of Hindu astrology is based on the movements of planets in relation to the constellations. The wisdom of the ancient Indians in making predictive astrology, dependent upon the fixed zodiac, is being increasingly appreciated by students of the science.
The question of zodiacal influences hinges on the fact whether the star-points or constellations with which the Sun comes into line from day-to-day derive their influences from that body or irrespective of the shifting position of the Sun, there is any virtue attaching to these star-points. These electro-magnetic bodies are capable of discharging different kinds of energies manifesting themselves in different ways. When a constellation like Bharani beta Arietis is held to be constitutionally unfit for certain types of elections; it means that the vibrations emanating from it are destructive in character.
I do not propose to discuss here the astrological influences of the various constellations elaborately. The 28 constellations including Abhijit which is generally ignored in everyday astrological consultations are presided over by Aswini. Yama, Agni. Rohini, Uttara, Uttarashadha and Uttarabhadra are supposed to be fixed constellations and they are favourable for coronations, laying the foundations of cities, sowing operations, planting trees and other permanent things. Chitta, Anuradha, Mrigasira and Revati are soft constellations. They are good for wearing new apparel, learning dancing, music and fine arts, sexual union and performance of auspicious ceremonies.
Aswini, Pushya, Hasta and Abhijit are light constellations, and they can be selected for putting ornamentation, pleasures and sports, administering medicine, starting industries and undertaking travels. Moola, Jyestha, Aridra and Aslesha are sharp in nature and they are favourable for incantations, invoking spirits, for imprisonment, murders, and separation of friends. Saravana, Dhanishta, Satabhisha, Punarvasu and Swati are movable stars and they are auspicious fcr acquiring vehicles, for gardening and for going on procession.
Purva-Phalguni, Poorvashadha and Poorvabhadra, Bharani and Makha are dreadful stars and they a re suitable for nefarious schemes, poisoning, deceit, imprisonment, setting fire and other evil deeds. Krittika and Visakha are mixed constellations and during their influences, works of day-to-day importance can be undertaken. Beginning from the third quarter of Dhanishta and ending with the last part of Revati, the time is held to be unsuitable for any kind of auspicious work. This period goes under the name of Nakshatra Panchaka and when these stars are ruling, one should avoid journey towards the south, house repairing or renovation, collecting fuel and cattle fodder or acquiring cots and beds.
Of all the twenty-eight constellations, the pride of place appears to have been given to Pushya, the 8th star. The constellation of Pushya is supposed to be the most favourable of all the 28 constellations. It is said to neutralise almost all doshas or flaws arising out of a number of adverse combinations. The Rishis go to the extent of saying that even if unfavourable combinations are present in the birth horoscope hampering ones success in life, and the ruling constellation and the position of the Moon are all adverse, Pushya has the power of neutralising these evil forces and asserting its benefic nature.
In spite of all the benefic influences attributed to Pushya, it is held to be inauspicious for purposes of marriage. There may be an element of exaggeration In the assertion that Pushya is capable of modifying all the evil influences present in an election chart but there is no doubt whatsoever that it is a constellation par excellence that could be universally employed for all purposes, excepting of course marriage.
The farmers of the astrological rules were not mere theoreticians. They were practical men and did not beleive in merely cataloguing their observations for academical purposes. Whilst it is always desirable to fix a Muhurtha that is auspicious by all standards of astrological rules, there would sometimes be practical difficulties and emergent occasions which admit of no delay.
Therefore, emphasis is laid on what is called gunabahulya or excess of good and dosha swalpa or deficiency of evil. When one has to visit a friend or a relation, who is seriously ill in, a far-off place, we are asked not to attach any consideration to the astrological factors. But when one is to go on a pilgrimage or a business tour or for a marriage, one should see that he starts under influences that are harmoniously disposed towards him.
There are said to be 21 great evils ekavimsati mahadoshas which are to be avoided for any auspicious work. But when one finds it difficult to avoid them because of astrological impossibility or circumstantial inability, one can take advantage of the neutralising combinations which are generally supposed to act as antidotes. We may just make a passing reference to these 21 great evils for the information of the readers. They are: —. Panchanga Suddhi. All these must be auspicious. In regard to lunar days, the 4th, 6th, 8th, 12th and 14th, full and new moon days should be avoided.
In regard to vara, Thursday and Friday are held to be suitable for all works. Of the several Nakshatras, Bharani and Krittika should be avoided for all auspicious works as these two are said to be presided over by the god of death Yama and the god of fire Agni respectively. In urgent cases if the Lagna could be fortified, the dosha due to nakshatra may get neutralised.
The last parts of Aslesha, Jyeshta and Revati should also be avoided. Coming to the Yoga vide page 12 the 6th Atiganda. Thus Bava is auspicious for starting works of permanent importance while Thaithula is propitious for marriage. Bhadra is unfit for any good work but is eminently suitable for violent and cruel deeds. For getting initiation into kshudra mantras Sakuni Havana is propitious. Therefore, Panchanga Suddhi means a good lunar day, a benefical weekday, an auspicious constellation, a good yoga and a fertilising Karana.
Surya Sankramana. When the Sun is about to leave one sign and enter another there seem to occur certain disturbances in the organisation of the solar forces and such times are not recommended for any good work. On the contrary, they are held to be propitious for meditation, initiation into secret mantras and performance of certain religious rites which are held to purify not only the bodily electrical discharges but also the mental currents. Sixteen ghatis 6 hours 24 minutes both before and after the entry of the Sun into a new sign should be rejected for all new works.
Karthari Dosha. In an election, when two evil planets are placed on either side of the Lagna, the combination goes under the name of Karthari Dosha and it should be rejected for good work particularly in regard to marriage. Shashtashta Riphagatha Chandra Dosha. Sagraha Chandra Dosha. This injunction is applicable in case of marriage. Udayasta Suddhi. The Lagna should be occupied by its own lord and the Navamsa Lagna by its own lord or vice versa or lord of Lagna should aspect Navamsa Lagna and vice versa.
Similarly the seventh and the lord of the seventh Bhava should be favourably disposed. The strength of Lagna and the seventh is necessary in all elections but so in regard to marriage. A sidereal day consists of 30 muhurthas. The 1st fifteen diurnal muhurthas named are: 1 Rudra. The nocturnal muhurthas are: 1 Girisa, 2 Ajipada, 3 Ahirbudhnya. In regard to the diurnal muhurtha, the 1st, 2nd, 4th, 10th, 11th, 12th and 15th are inauspicious while in nocturnai muhurthas the 1st.
In calculating the muhurtha, the exact length of day and night should be ascertained. Each muhurtha is said to last for 48 minutes 2 ghatis on the assumption that the duration of day and night is of equal proportion, viz. If the length of day is 28 ghatis, then each muhurtha extends for 1 ghati and 52 vighatis 20h 20s. Apart from the above general classification of good and bad muhurthas, the following should also be deemed as unpropitious on the different weekdays.
Particularly in marriages, the muhurthas declared above as inauspicious in regard to weekdays should not be considered. Similarly, the last 2 degrees of Cancer. Scorpio and Pisces and the first 2 degrees of Leo, Sagittarius and Aries are inauspicious. The last ghatis of Aslesha, Jyeshta, Moola, Revati and Aswini and the first four ghatis of Makha should be avoided as injurious for good work. Bhrigu Shatka. This is so in regard to marriage. Even when Venus is exalted and associated with benefics, such a disposition is not approved.
Kujasthama: — Mars should be avoided in the 8th house, as it indicates destruction of the object in view. In a marriage election chart. Mars in the 8th is unthinkable. Even if Mars is otherwise powerful, he should not occupy the 8th house. Ashtama Lagna Dosha. Suppose the would be husband and wife are born in Aquarius and Capricorn respectively. Rasi Visha Ghatika. They are to be rejected for all auspicious work. Kunavamsa Dosha.
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Certain weekdays are to be avoided for certain activities. Grahanothpatha Dosha. Ekargala Dosha. Affects matters started under certain yogas such as Vishkhambam.
We need not go into details as it is not of much significance. Krura Samyuta Dosha. Akalagharjitha Vrishti Dosha. Mahapatha Dosha. This is held to be unfavourable for all good work. Vaidhruthi Dosha — This is also an evil aspect yoga and should be avoided in all favourable activities. The reader should not get scared away at the thought of these large number of doshas or planetary evils which are to be avoided if one is to elect a proper time for the fruition of an object in view.
Man has to contend against a stupendous number of evil agencies or discordant vibrations released by the planetary bodies and each of these mahadoshas seems to express euphemestically the particular types of evil energies which would affect adversely particular types of human activities. There are several exceptions to these general doshas. One should always remember that in electing a suitable moment one should try to avoid the major doshas by fortifying the ascendant and taking advantage of the exceptions and ignoring the minor ones.
The lagnathyajya referred to supra prevails only on particular days as per details below. In the first Navamsa — Wednesday and Saturday. In the middle Navamsa — Monday and Friday. In the last Navamsa — Tuesday, Thursday and Sunday. In other days the thyajyam has no significance. Chandrashtama shows no evil when the Moon is wa11ng and occupies a benefic sign and a benefic Navamsa, or when there is Tarabala.
The sting is lost when the Moon and the 8th lord are friends. Venus, Mercury or Jupiter in the ascendant will completely destroy all other adverse influences. Jupiter has the power of dispelling all the evils due to the Lagna, Navamsa and malefic aspects and render the time highly propitious. The mere presence of the Moon or the Sun in the 11th will act as an antidote for other evils obtaining in the horoscope. Jupiter or Venus in a kendra quadrant and malefics in 3, 6 or 11 will remove alt the flaws arising on account of unfavourable weekday, constellation, lunar day and yoga.
Thus it will be seen that the most important question in Muhurtha is the fortification of Lagna and its lord. When a certain weekday coincides with a certain asterism and a certain lunar day, it becomes auspicious for good work. In this Chapter, I shall give a few such combinations which go under the distinction of Siddha Yogas. Sunday coinciding with the 1st, 4th, 6th, 7th or 12th lunar day and ruled by the constellations Pushya, Hasta, Uttara, Uttarashadha, Moola, Sravana or Uttarabhadra gives rise to Siddha Yoga.
Monday identical with the 2nd, 7th or 12th lunar day and with the constellations Rohini, Mrigasira, Punarvasu, Chitta, Sravana, Satabhisha, Dhanishta or Poorvabhadra produces the same yoga. Thursday identical with the 4th, 5th, 7th, 9th, 13th or 14th lunar day and with tne asterisms Makha, Pushya, PunarvasJ, Swati. Saturday falling on a day ruled by Swati, Rohini, Visakha, Anuradha, Dhanishta or Satabhisha and with lunar days Bhadra and Riktha generates the same auspicious yoga.
A Friday coinciding with Nanda 1st, 6th and 11th lunar days , Wednesday identical with Bhadra 2nd, 7th and 12th lunar days , Tuesday coinciding with Jaya 3rd 8th and 13th lunar days , Saturday falling on a Riktha tithi 4th, 9th and 14th lunar days , and Thursday falling on 5th, 10th or 15th Poorna lunar days constitute Siddha Yoga.
The above yogas can be applied with advantage to important elections and if in addition 10 the general strength of the day due to a yoga. Before the actual birth of a child, three important ceremonies are enjoined to be performed. They are nuptials Nisheka , consummation Garbhadana and Pumsavana change of sex. Nisheka is used to denote the first sexual contact, while Garbhadana has reference to the subsequent defloratiohs. Almost ail the ancient works on Muhurtha start from Namakarana — the name-giving ceremony after the birth of a child-but we start from consummation as it is actually the beginning of the pre-natal e11stence of the child.
Sexual union, pregnancy and reproduction of human species are the essentials on which the world e11sts. Sexual union should never be based upon simple sense gratification. There is a sacredness about sexual functions, and when moral and spiritual considerations are not respected and brought into play; the result will be most unsatisfactory and alt sorts of undesirable progeny would be the products of promiscuous cohabitation. According to Prof. Suryanarajn Rao men and women are bundles of electricity.
When they are brought together sexually a series of electrical currents would be released which may react on them favourably or adversely depending upon the harmonious or discordant nature of the vibrations released. Therefore the first sexual act should not be treated lightly and should be done only when planetary combinations are favourably disposed. Books on ancient Sexology and Astrology reveal that to indulge in coitus during the first four days of menses will lead to serious evil effects as the whole physiological and nervous system of the woman would be in a state of tension owing to the almost continuous discharge of blood.
So the first four days of menses should be avoided. Copulation on the 5th day tends to give rise to a daughter. In general, sexual union on odd days indicates birth of female children while on even days. In the first instance, sexual union is highly recommended on the 6th day of the menses as it is supposed to ensure not only happiness to the couple but also the birth of a dutiful and intelligent son. Satabhisha are highly favourable for nuptials. Pushyami, Dhanishta. Mrigasira, Aswini, Chitta. Punarvasu are ordinary. The rest of constellations are to be rejected.
Monday, Wednesday. Thursday and Friday are auspicious days while Saturday, Tuesday and Sunday should not be considered at all. All lunar days-except the 4th, 8th, 9th, 14th, Full Moon and New Moon are good. The favourable signs are Taurus to Libra and Pisces. At the time of nuptials, the 8th house should be occupied by no planet. Subject to this proviso, even Sagittarius and Aquarius may be selected as auspicious. The Hindus had long ago known the processes whereby the sex of the foetus could be changed by performing certain remedies and by administering certain medicines when sex differentiation is about to set in.
The possibility of change of sex long known to the Hindus was being ridiculed by Western scientists. But during the last 3 or 4 decades, the opinion of the scientists underwent a gradual change and most of them now admit such a possibility. For the information of the reader, t may just make a few observations of modern medical men on this all-important question. Professor Thury first started a theory about the possibility of changing the sex of the foetus in the womb. This was taken up by Professor Unterberger.
Bernard Macfadden has reached certain conclusions regarding the predetermination of the sex with a success claimed in 90 per cent of cases experimented. Towards the end of this interval, shortly before the new period, it is favourable to boys. It is possible that the chemistry of the mother undergoes natural changes at certain times which correspond to the condition of alkalinity on acidity created artifically by Unterberger with the aid of bicarbonate or lactic acid. There are, according to Davenport, probably four hundred theories of sex determination promulgated during the last two or three hundred years.
One theory generally accepted by biologists maintains that sex is determined by the so-called X chromosomes, in the female there are two of these chromosomes. In the male there is only one. Professor BIchm suggested that the male chromosomes move more quickly in alkaline solution than the chromosomes which carry the feminine principle. A teaspoonful of bicarbonate of soda or one spoonful of lactic acid may thus determine the sex of the child. Generally boys are born for every girls. The mortality among the boys is somewhat greater.
It has been found that after great and destructive wars, where men are killed on a large scale, the number of male births increases. Nature thus restores the balance of sexes. We have known parents, some of them longing for girls while others want boys for keeping up their family traditions and for continuance of their lines. This will be so ly in cases of inheritance and succession to thrones and large landed and financal estates.
Many wars and bloodshed were the results of kings and queens having no sons to succeed them. In almost all the countries the dynasties were kept up through sons. Matriarchy forms an exception. It was found out by experiment that a high acid secretion was frequently responsible for sterility in the female. When douche were applied in the form of sodium bicarbonate, where there were no.
The pregnancy developed after the next period and in every case the child was a boy. Professor Nicolai Konstantinovitch of Moscow discovered an electric treatment which separates and segregates the male and female spermatozoa. It is said that children of either sex may be obtained by using chromosomes of the opposite sex in artifical impregnation. Natural spermatozoa are deposited in the curved end of the tube filled with a physiological solution. A slight electrical current draws the male and female cells opposite ends of the tubes. The male spermatozoa are drawn to the anodes or the side wh-,re the current enters the tube, and the female sperms to the cathodes, where the current leaves.
Here is a feminine physiological habit which in some ways at present clearly understood closely corresponds to the movements of the Moon. The theory is, that if fertilised when first discharged from the ovary the ovum is female in tendency while later as the ovum ages it becomes male, so that fertilisation between the 3rd and the 5th days after menstruation is liable to produce a girl, between the 5th and 8th days, a boy or a girl, and between the 8th and 12th days a boy. We have evidence that certain physiological habits curiously correspond to the lunar dai!
It has been suggested by the mighty Darwin that since life apparently originated on the beaches of primordial sea where it was alternately covered and uncovered by the lides, through countless ages, certain life rhythms and physiological habits were formed in all living creatures to correspond with those tidal rhythms, which irr-their turn were regulated by the Sun and the Moon.
The primitive cell, which was the cradle of the life-force, at that time went through alternating period of activity and quiescence. The scientific name for these two physiological phases is Katabolism and Anabolism. Physiologically Anabolism and Katabolism correspond to maleness and femaleness. These facts lead to some interesting conclusions about sex as possibly determined not merely by the time of the lunar month, but by the time of the lunar day at which conception takes place.
Here all the greatest scientists on matters of conception and sex formation are agreed on the physiological effects of cycles of lunar days and lunar months. We shall now quote from our astrological literature, what they have unanimously said about the appearances of menses, how the foetus develops in the womb, in what month the sex is formed, how the sex of the unborn child in the womb can be known and by what methods the sex of the child may be changed as per desire of the parents. Occassionally one reads in papers about the reversal or change of sex to a certain degree even in adults.
This phenomenon has been actually witnessed by Prof. Suryanarain Rao and of late it is becoming common. In the history of science the ancient Hindus occupy a foremost place because thousands of years ago. Of course, it is a fashion with those who have received the European system of education of laugh at things they cannot-explain with the aid of their own pet theories. Charaka, the great Hindu physician, has dwelt at length with the question of change of sex. The ancients had not only studied the theory but they have given us practical rules whereby the sex of the unborn child in the womb may be known in advance and changed, if so desired.
Ceremonies are actually laid down in theVedas for performance by the father and the mother with a view to give the child in the womb the sex that is desired. These rites are called pwnsavana. The etymology of the word is: pung male syate is produced anena by this ; in other words the male-producing rite. These rites are performed even unto this day by every orthodox Hindu. Pumsavana is performed just after the expiration of three months from date of conception. Before giving further details about Pumsavana Jet us bring to the attention of the readers an interesting phenomenon which recently happened in Europe.
Andreas Sparre, a Danish painter, married at the age of 20, a student artist studying in a like academy as his in Paris.
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A few years later Andreas Sparre happened to dress up in fun as a woman. The clothes suited him and he looked like a girl. One of his friends called him Lili and he liked this name. Soon afterwards Andreas began to feel that Lili was after all a real individual — a separate personality, e11sting within himself. Gradually, this second personality pushed to the background, his maleness. Andreas experienced bleeding from the mouth and nose and this was regarded as a form of menstruation. Of course there was a psychological change too that he was becoming moreand more feminine.
With the passing of time a conviction grew in his mind that though male in his outward form, internally he possessed the female sexual organs. Physicians and surgeons whom he consulted could not offer any explanation for his dual personality. At last he consulted a German ist who declared after a careful examination that Andreas possessed female sexual organs within himself.
Then cigarettes and cigars nauseated him and even his handwriting turned feminine.
In this first operation the malesex glands were completely removed and Andreas Sparre was no longer a man. After the second operation Crete, the wife of Andreas, wrote as follows in her diary: —. Who is capable of grasping this horror, this fantastic idea, this unique happening. What are we to think of this strange and tragic case of Andhreas Sparre — a case unique m medical history.
Suryanarain Rao is also equally interesting. Though medically it is impossible to distinguish sex in the embryo, astrologically it is possible to know beforehand — based on the conception Lagna-whether the child would be male or female. Doctors also opine that even in the most normal and unambiguous individual the rudiments of the organs of the other sex are present throughout life.
Pumsavana means not only rites but also administering of certain medicines. Who knows, the proper performance of Pumsavana may enable us to change sexes of even adults, because the medicines accompanied by mantras may act on the glandular secretions and change the very nature of such secretion. A persual of the various texts in Sanskrit bearing on astrology and medicine reveals that Pumsavana is closely connected with the planetary influences on embroynic development. All the phases of the union of the virile spermatozoan with the mature ovum called impregnation, the fixation of the impregnated ovum, called conception, and the development of the foetus are governed by the Moon and other planets.
No birth takes place by. In most cases, impregnation follows very shortly after coitus and it is the time of coitus that is generally taken according to Hindu Astrology for the Nisheka or conception horoscope. The period of gestation is the time which elapses between the conception and partruition. Beginning with the third week, the head bend in the embryo is quite marked which gradually increases as development goes on, and at the end of the third week the heart and all the organs have been laid down and limbs begin to make their appearance as small buds, not unlike those of the frog, and the embryo closely resembles any other mammalian embryo at a corresponding stage.
In the second month of pregnancy-ruled by Mars — the plasm is enveloped by the amnion. Mars brings the development of the membranes and strong expansion of them. The brain begins to develop, the head becomes considerably larger and the human characters are ell established. The embryo may now be spoken of as the foetus, which has passed its quadruped stage. Now we come to the third month influenced largely by Jupiter — the month in which Pumsavana has to be performed if one desires to have a son born to him.
It is in the third month the differentiation of sex is brought about, as also the development of the genitals. Jupiter a masculine planet, presides over this month. Thus it will be seen that in the selection of the time for performing Pumsavana the ancients had in view very scientific reasons.
As difference of sex occurs in the third month, the medicines and mantras administered under the influence of certain constellations would certainly be capable enough to change the sex to the desire of. Without caring to bestow serious thought on such questions, the moderner is apt to dismiss the whole thing as the product of superstition. We shall now give a few hints from the famous Charaka Samhita and it is for readers to make use of such hints to their own advantage. Verily of rites duly performed and characterised by propriety of time and place, the capacity to produce desirable fruits is ordained.
Observing that a woman has concieved, Pumsavana should be administered to her before the manifestation of the sex of the child in the womb. Jeeaka is no longer identifiable or procurable. Hindu doctors find substitute in Guduchi or Tinospora cordifolia. This water the woman should then, using a stick of cotton, apply to her Tight nostril. If the above remedies are administered under the favourable and auspicious influences of constellation, the sex in the womb of the woman is supposed to change.
The subject is vast and we shall again recur to this on a subsequent occasion. Who has studied and who has tested all these methods? Why label them as useless and unscientific when you do not know that they are. The ceremony of Pumsavanam should be celebrated in the 3rd month when signs of pregnancy are evident. All lunar days except the 4th, 6th, 8th. Full Moon and New Moon days are good. All signs except Gemini, Cancer and Virgo are auspicious. Virgo should be avoided as it is ly adverse. Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday are benefical.
The 8th house from the ascendant should be vacant. Beneficsshould be disposed in quadrants or trines. There is another ceremony named Seemantha immediately foltowtng Pumsavansm. This is ortfatned only in regard to first conceptions. If the time-schedule cannot be kept up. It should not be abandoned, but the function must be performed at least before delivery. This is the view of sage Sankha. Some are of the opinion that under unavoidable circumstances, even Aswini, Anuradna and Moola maybe deemed auspicious. The 4th, 6th, 8th, 9th, 14th unar days and New Moon day must be avoided.
When the Moon is dignified Full Moon day is hot condemned. Tuesday and Saturday should be avoided. The rest of the weekdays are good. All signs except Leo and Scorpio are auspicious. The 8th house from the ascendant must be free. Generally speaking, the 3rd, 8th, 7th, 10th and 22nd constellations should be avoided. The Moon should not be in the 8th house. So far as this particular ceremony is concerned, the month ranks first in importance.
Hence, even if Jupiter and Venus are combust, such a circumstance may be ignored. Namakarana or naming tha child. If this is not possible, then an auspicious day must be fixed for the purpose. Monday, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday are good. Other weekdays are not good. As far as possible, the Lagna roust be rendered strong and the 8th house should be unoccupied.
Fixed signs are preferable and common signs are good when occupied by benefics. If Jupiter occupies a kendra or thrikona and a malefic is in the 11th the time is held to be very auspicious. Generally the name to be given to a male child should consist of an even number of letters e. The name must also be appropriate to the ruling star. First Feeding on Rico Annaprasana. The 10th house must be unoccupied. The first feeding should not be done in the constellation of Aridra, Krittika, Jyeshta, Bharani, Aslesha, Poorvashadha and Poorvabhadra.
Scorpio and Pisces are inauspicious. Mercury, Mars and Venus should not occupy respectively the 7th, 8th and 9th houses. Mercury, Jupiter or Venus in Lagna is highly commendable. No malefic should occupy the ascendant. The most important factor in this function is the month; hence one should not mind even if Jupiter and Venus are combust. Ear Boring Karnavedha. A day ruled by two asterisms or two lunar days is not propitious as also the other lunar days usually declared as inauspicious. The ceremony when properly done is said to prolong the life of the child. It should not be done when the mother of the child is pregnant.
Chowlam may be performed in the 3rd or 5th year when Jupiter and Venus are free from combustion and when the Sun is in the Tropic of Cancer. The bright fortnight is said to give longevity while the dark fortnight is supposed to affect the health. The 2nd, 3rd, 6th, 7th, 10th, 11th and 13th lunar days are good. The 4th, 1st, 6th, 8th, 9th, 14th and New and Full Moon days should be rejected. Tonsure should always be done in the forenoon. The rest are not benefical.
But they can be employed provided benefics occupy the Lagna and the Lagna is otherwise strong. But Aquarius should be rejected at any cost, no matter how powerful it might be. Let the benefics occupy the 4th, 5th, 7th, 9th, 10th and 11th and malefics the 3rd, 6th and 11th. The 8th house must femain unoccupied. The 7th house should not be occupied by either the Sun or Mars or preferably by any malefic.
Akshara means that which cannot be destroyed and therefore akshara simply indestructible forms of sound vibrations. The most propitious period for commencing education is the 6th day in the 5th month of the 5th year. This ceremony is peculiar to the Hindus. But as the name indicates, any section of the human society, whether Hindu or not, may take advantage of these valuable precepts and begin to give their children the religious instruction most suitable to their countries, castes and traditions, Upanayanam should be performed in the 5th or the 8th year.
If this is not possible, the ceremoney should be gone through before the age of 16 in case of Brahmins and 20 to 24 in regard to other sects of the Hindus. The Sun, the Moon and Jupiter represent symbolically the father, mother and lire-force. Therefore, the three planets should be well disposed to the ascendant at the timeof Upanayanam.
The best season is when the Sun is in his northern course between Capricorn and Gemini. The lunar months of Magha, Phalguna, Chaitra and Vaisakha are good. The 2nd, 3rd, 5th, 7th, 10th and 13th lunar days in the bright half and the 1st. The lunar days to be avoided are 4th, 8th, 9th, 11th, 12th, 14th and Full and New Moon days. Some are of opinion that the 13th is good. Exception: Even the 14th lunar day may be treated as good if the boy is above the prescribed age.
Monday, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday are propitious. Wednesday must be rejected if Mercury is combust. Sunday is ordinary while Tuesday should be invariably rejected. The other signs should be avoided. According to Vasishta and Garga. The Moon must not occupy the 6th, 8lth, or 12th house.
Malefics should not be posited in quadrants. The ceremony should take place before noon. The 8th house from the Lagna must be unoccupied. The third house should be fortified by the situation of either malefics or benefics, white the 6th should be devoid of a benefic. Mars and Saturn should be avoided in the 5th. Similarly their situation in the 12th should also be avoided. The Moon should always be avoided in Lagna. But, however, if Cancer is the ascendant and the Moon and Jupiter are in conjunction and malefics are in 3, 6 and 11, the evil attached to the situation of the Moon in Lagna becomes neutralised.
The following malefic yogas should also be avoided:. It proves fatal to the mother. It adversely affects health and education. The Moon should not be in her own Navamsa, nor in that of the Sun or Mars. Marriage is a most complicated structure made up as it is of a whole series of subjective and objective facts of a very heterogeneous nature. Since we are concerned with the psycho-astrological aspect of marriage we shall exclude the objective factors of legal and soci al nature although these factors have a pronounced influence on the psychological relationship of the married pair.
Marriage is not an institution for simple brute sense gratification. The idea that it is a civil contract terminable at will smacks of meanness in conception of the grand liabilities and assets between the parties to be engaged in sacred wedlock. Marriage, both in the soci al and economic sense, is a sexual relationship entered into with the intention of making it permanent.
In India, marriage was and is regarded as a religious sacrament and marriage comprehends the equality of the partner in respect of Dharma right conduct , Artha financal position , Kama sex relation and Moksha final salvation. In the modern world so much is made of the sex element in marriage that the other equally important factors, soci al and psychological, are practically ignored. The Hindu Sastras, having in view the climatic and ethnological conditions of India, have fixed the ma11mum and minimum age limits for marriage.
Marriages between parties belonging to the same Gotra are not favoured perhaps because of the dysgenic influence on the offspring. Inter-racal, intercommunal and inter-religious marriages are not looked upon favourably because in such matches there are cultural differences. After a careful consideration of all these factors, the Hindus had devised an astrological means of judging marriage compatibility whereby the relations between the couple may stand the strain of maladjustments. Pseudosexologists and sociologists are not wanting in India who are ever ready to point out their finger of contempt at the sound and sensible institution of marriage developed by the Hindus after centuries of experience and experiments.
We are not concerned with such socalistic theories advocating companionate marriage and encouraging unbridled licence in love affairs. They may be all right in countries like Russia and America — the melting pots of different races. But they cannot hold water in a country like India whose civilisation, culture and soci al laws are peculiar to her geographical and historical positions. The Hindus have solved this complex problem of marriage selection by recourse to astrological considerations, if investigations into the various kutas are undertaken before the marriage is contracted, there will perhaps be fewer tragedies than at present and less marital infidelity.
Modern science has devised no means to find out the compatibility between the marrying couple. Sexologists suggest that the bride and bridegroom should subject themselves to a thorough medical examination. Although this sounds reasonable, it makes an important omission in that mere physical fitness does not ensure complete marital happiness.
Happiness largely rests upon so many other factors that the aid of astrology should be sought for by every sensible individual. In selecting horoscopes for marriage purposes, three factors have to be carefully considered. When there is no longevity in the case of bride, the horoscope must be rejected even though the 7th house may be strong or the requsite number of units are available. Likewise when the 7th house is weak and is considerably blemished, the horoscope to be matched should have antidotes or counteracting influences.
The kutas or the units of agreement should be considered only when there is general sympathy between the horoscopes of the parties to be brought together. The e11sting practice almost all over India and particularly in the South is highly defective and dangerous as horoscopes are rejected simply because they do not conform to certain kutas, while the most important factors such as longevity, widowhood, etc. Therefore it is very essential to examine to start with, the general strength of the chart; and when good longevity is indicated in both horoscopes and they are free from the afflictions in regard to the 7th and 8th houses, further agreement should be judged.
When Mars and; Venus are in the 7th, the boy or girl concerned will have strong sex-instincts and such an individual should be mated to one who has similar instincts and not a person having Mercury or Jupiter in the 7th, as this makes one under-sexed. When sexual incompatibility sets in marriage, life proves charmless and friction arises between the couple. Therefore it is the duty of the parents to consult learned astrologers and not to entrust the work of comparing horoscopes to all persons who have no practical experience.
History is replete with ill-matched marriages and the most miserable lives the couples had to live. Socrates philosopher as he was reputed to be, was united in marriage to Xantippe who, if rightly reported, perpetually ridiculed his philosophical teachings and mercilessy nagged him in his home.
MUHURTHA (Electional Astrology) B. V. RAMAN
Once when he had invited a distinguished friend to dinner, she spitefully emptied the contents of a vessel upon his head. Alcibiades, noted for brilliancy of intellect and a most graceful carriage of personality, was strangely unfortunate in his marital relations. Too proud to directly desert his wife he at one time contemplated and even attempted suicide as a release from his bonds. Pericles, ruling Athens for 50 years, finding it brick and leaving it marble, was not only orator and statesman, but in other ways the most discrete and majestic character of that remote period.
His relations with Aspasia caused bitterest criticism. His wife. Plato, warned by Socrates, his teacher, though noble, wealthy, scholastic and exceedingly popular in the higher walks of Grecian society never married, though a great admirer and lover of women. Cicero, the Roman orator and early pleader in the forum, studied at the feet of Zeno and Demetrius and married the heiress Terentia.
It is needless to produce the full story of his unsatisfactory married life.